Experiencing a tyre blowout are often frightening – it is vital to make sure you’re at a safe place and a calm. before changing the tyre.
First thing’s first, never attempt to change a tyre if your personal safety is in danger or if you do not have the right tools because if you do not have the right equipment it may be hard to change the vehicles tyre and can be dangerous.
However if you are in safe place, with the proper tools and equipment and feel confident enough to change the wheel than that is great news, if you do not have run flat tyres there may be a spare wheel in the boot.
Your car will either accompany a narrow space-saver or a full-size spare tyre. However, the method of adjusting and changing a wheel is the same.
Before you begin changing a tyre
Make sure you discover a secure place to park. It’s better to drive further and risk damaging the wheel rim than stop somewhere dangerous – like on a narrow road.
Leave your hazard lights on once you park. placed on your reflective jacket if you’ve got one, and position your warning triangle to alert oncoming drivers make sure there is a little distance from the car and triangle and is facing in the right direction.
(It’s advisable to read your car’s manual if you have one)
What equipment do you need when changing the flat tyre
Apart from the spare wheel, you’ll need the following:
- Wrench – for removing the wheel nuts
- Jack – for lifting part of the car off the road
- Wheel chock – to prevent the car from rolling when jacked up (bricks are often used instead)
- Wheel nut key – if locking nuts are fitted
- Car handbook – for reference (e.g. on jacking points, tyre pressure)
Other good items to carry
- Torch – useful if you do not have enough light (check batteries regularly)
- Gloves – wheels are going to be dirty
- Reflective jacket – to make you visible
- Warning triangle – to alert other drivers to a hazard/obstruction
- Short plank of wood – as a flat surface to steady the jack
- Tyre pressure gage – for checking the new tyre is fully inflated
How to change a tyre
Changing a wheel may be a valuable life-skill. Here’s our 10-step guide:
1. Prepare the car
- Apply the handbrake and make sure all passengers are out and away from the car.
- Take the spare wheel and necessary tools out of the boot.
2. Position the wheel chocks
- Chocks prevent the car from rolling while jacked up.
- Position a chock on the other wheel to the one with a puncture.
- For example, if your left-front tyre features a puncture, put a chock behind the right-rear wheel.
- If your left-rear tyre is flat, you would like a chock ahead of the right-front.
- Use chocks for both front/rear wheels (as appropriate) if you’ve got them.
- Bricks or large rocks can do an equivalent job if you don’t have a fanatical chock.
3. Loosen the wheel nuts
- It’s easier – and safer – to try to to this while the car is on the bottom .
- You may have lever off a plastic wheel trim first.
- Turn the wheel wrench anti-clockwise and loosen the nuts to the purpose where they will be turned by hand (be warned – they’ll be tough to loosen).
- However, don’t remove them completely yet.
4. Jack the car up
- All cars have dedicated jacking points – consult your handbook to ascertain where these are.
- Aim to position the jack at the side of the car, on the brink of the punctured wheel.
- Placing alittle plank of wood under the jack will help keep it stable.
- Raise the car slowly until the flat tyre is 10-15cm off the bottom .
5. Remove the flat tyre
- Fully loosen and take away the wheel nuts, then gently pull the tyre towards you until it comes free.
- Place it flat on the bottom .
6. Mount the spare wheel
- Slide the spare wheel onto the protruding hub bolts, or in line with the wheel nut slots (warning: it’s heavy to lift it off the bottom to try to to this).
- Replace the wheel nuts and tighten them
7. Lower the car and tighten the bolts
- Use the jack to drop the car down slightly, in order that the spare tyre is in touch with the bottom .
- Now use the wrench to completely tighten the wheel nuts.
8. Fully lower the car
- Bring the car fully right down to earth and take away the jack.
- Consider giving the wheel nuts a final check for tightness.
- Stow the jack and therefore the other tyre within the boot, along side the remainder of your equipment.
- Note: if your car features a space saver, the old wheel will take up more room within the boot.
- If you’ve got one, use a tyre pressure gage to see the spare wheel is fully inflated.
- Alternatively, drive carefully to a petroleum station and use the gauge there.
- Pump up the tyre to the recommended pressure – as detailed within the handbook – if necessary.
10. Take your punctured tyre for repair
- Visit a garage or tyre fitters at the primary opportunity and provides them your punctured wheel.
- They will advise whether to repair or replace it.
- Don’t drive on a space-saver spare wheel for extended than is strictly necessary – they’re only intended for emergencies.
- If the tyre cannot be repaired and you would like to exchange it,